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Affiliated organisation:
1. The Journal of the American Geriatric Society
2. American Academy of Antiageing Medicine
3. Middle East Longevity Institute - Lebanon

Chief editor
Abdulrazak Abyad MD, MPH, MBA, AGSF, AFCHSE

Editorial office:
Abyad Medical Centre & Middle East Longevity Institute
Azmi Street, Abdo Centre
PO Box 618
Tripoli, Lebanon
Tel: 961 6 443 684
Fax: 961 6 443 685

Lesley Pocock
medi+WORLD International

572 Burwood Road,
Hawthorn 3122, VIC
Tel: +61 3 9819 1224
Fax: +61 3 98193269



While all efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this journal, opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Publishers, Editor or the Editorial Board. The publishers, Editor and Editorial Board cannot be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of information contained in this journal; or the views and opinions expressed. Publication of any advertisements does not constitute any endorsement by the Publishers and Editors of the product advertised.

The contents of this journal are copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for purposes of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Australian Copyright Act, no part of this program may be reproduced without the permission of the publisher.


Editorial Board Board

Chief Editor
Abdulrazak Abyad MD, MPH, AGSF
Director, Abyad Medical Center and Middle-East Longevity Institute

Editorial office
Abyad Medical Center and
Middle-east Longevity Institute
Azmi Street , Abdo Center
P.O Box 618
Tel & Fax : 961-6-443684
Mobile : 961-3-201901
E-mail :
Web site :

Advisor to the Editor
Prof. Dr Sijmen Duursma
University Medical Center, Utrecht University Hospital
Utrecht, The Netherlands

Assistant to the Editor
Rima Khatib



Prof. Faisal Abdullatif Alnasir, FPC, MICGP, FRCGP, FFPH, PhD
Chairman; Dept of Family & Community Medicine
Arabian Gulf University
Former President; Scientific Council of Family & Community Medicine
Arab Board for Health Specializations

Fawzi A. Amin, MBBch, MPH, PhD.
Ass. Professor in Family and Community Department
Arabian Gulf University


Dr Nasser Loza FRCPsych
The Behman Hospital


Ali Reza Kaldi
Professor Ali Reza Kaldi
Department of Basic Science
University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
Evin, Tehran 19834,

Fatema Oskouie
Associate Professor,
Dean, Center for Nursing Care Research
Iran University of Medical Sciences,
Rashid Yasemi St, Vali-e-Asr Ave.,
P.O. Box: 19395/4798 Tehran- Iran,

Issa Nourmohammadi Ph.D.
Associate Prof: College of medicine
President: College of Allied Medicine

Head: Cellular and Molecular Research Center

Malakouti, S.K. MD
Assistant professor of Psychiatry
Tehran Psychoiatric Institute
Iran University of Medical Sciences

Masoud Mardani
Dean, Medical School of Shaheed Beheshti, Associate
Prof. of medicine in infectious diseases, Shaheed Beheshti
University of Medical Sciences & Health services,
Tehran, Iran.



Hamid Yahya Hussain(MBChB)
medicine(PhD) community and family medicine
Assistant Prof
Iraqi Board for medical specialization


Director of Family Medicine,
Specialty Training Program
Head of Examination Board Kuwait


Fuad T Antun , MD, PhD. FRCPsych, DPM
Professor of Psychiatry
Advisor & WHO National Focal Point for
Mental Health-Ministry of health


Dr. Muayad K.Khalid,MD,CABM,MRCP(UK)
Associate Editor,MEJEM
Consultant Physician,EM
Hamad General Hospital,

Prof. Abdulbari Bener
Advisor to World Health Organization
Head & Consultant,
Dept. of Medical Statistics & Epidemiology
Hamad General Hospital &
Hamad Medical Corporation
Weill Cornell Medical College


Saudi Arabia

Dr. Omar G. Baker, Ph.D., MSN, BSN, RN (BC)
Associate Professor
College of Nursing
King Saud University
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Mazen Saleh Ferwana - ABFM,JBFM,Ph.D,
Consultant family medicine,
King Fahad National Guard Hospital
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Professor Hassan Bella MD
Editor-in Chief ,
Journal of Family & Community Medicine
College of Medicine, King Faisal University,
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Waleed AL Malik MD.
King Abdulaziz Medical City.
King Fahad National Guard Hospital.
Riyadh. Saudi Arabia.



Fusun Toraman, MD
Akdeniz University School of Physical Education and Sports,

Dr. Ismail Tufan
Assoc Prof. Akdeniz Universtiy
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Department of Sociology

Hakan Yaman, MD,MS
Associate Professor and Chair
Department of Family Medicine,
Faculty of Medicine, University of Akdeniz,

Prof.Dr. Ilhami Unluoglu,MD
Associate Professor
Osmangazi University
School of Medicine
Head of Family Medicine Department


Dr Iheb Ghariani
Department of Internal Medicine
Habib Thameur Hospital


United Arab Emirates

Abdukghaffar M. Abdulghafoor Alhawi MBBCS MPH
Assistant Undersecretary For Curative Medicine
Ministry of Health
United Arab Emirates

Diaa E.E. Rizk MSc, MRCOG, FRCS, MD
Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,
Faculty of Medicine and Healthy Sciences,
United Arab Emirates University
United Arab Emirates.

Fawaz Chikh Torab, M.D, Ph.D
Facharzt Germany for general and Trauma Surgery.
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Chairman Research Ethics Committee
Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences
United Arab Emirates

Hazem A. H. Kataya, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Director, Environmental Science Master Program
United Arab Emirates University
United Arab Emirates

Omer E.F. El-Rufaie
Professor and Chair
Department of Psychiatry,
Faculty of Medicine, UAE University,
United Arab Emirates

George Petroianu MD PhD
Professor & Chairman
UAE University, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences
United Arab Emirates

Kate Hammond PhD
Professor of Biochemistry
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
United Arab Emirates University
Al Ain
United Arab Emirates

Shamsaa Al Awar
Consultant OB/Gyn
Assistant Prof faculty of medicine
Faculty of Medicine and Healthy Sciences,
United Arab Emirates University.
United Arab Emirates.

Sherif M. Karam, MB BCh, MSc, PhD
Associate Professor,
Department of Anatomy,
Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences,
United Arab Emirates University,
Al Ain, United Arab Emirates


Affiliated Organisations

1. Abyad Medical Center-Lebanon

2. Middle-East Longevity Institute Lebanon

3. American Academy of Antiaging Medicine


A. S. Abdulla, BSc, MD, LMCC, CCFP(C), DipSportMed (CASM)
Medical Director The Kingsway Health Centre,
Ontario, Canada

Barry Reisberg, M.D.
Professor,Department of Psychiatry
Clinical Director
Silberstein Aging and Dementia Research Center
New York University School of Medicine

Bengt Winblad
Professor of Geriatrics
Chief, Division of Geriatric Medicine
Neurotec Department, Huddinge University Hospital

Clemens Becker, MD
Head of Department
Department of Geriatric Medicine
Academic hospital of the University of Tübingen
Stuttgart, Germany

Dr Gavin J Andrews
Associate Professor
Faculty of Nursing
University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada

Prof of Geriatrics – University of Geneva
Geneva, Switzerland

Filippo Zizzo
G.P- psychiatrist-
Senior lecturer by triennial post graduate
School of general medicine in Milan for psychiatric matters-
national representative for psychiatric area of Italian scientific society SNAMID
Milan, Italy

Gabriel O Ivbijaro MBBS, MRCGP, FWACPsych, MMedSci
Visiting Fellow, South Bank University, London & International Convenor WONCA SIG, Psychiatry and Neurology
GP Principal
London, UK

Hadi Danawi, Ph.D., MPH., CCRP.
Senior Consultant Epidemiologist.
Faculty Mentor, Walden University.
Senior Research Director, Epiconsults, Inc. Houston, TX. USA.
Editor MediView Express Reports, NY, USA

Jeffrey L. CummingsS, M.D.
Director, UCLA Alzheimer's Disease Center
The Augustus S. Rose Professor of Neurology
Professor of Psychiatry & Biobehavioral Sciences
Vice Chair, Department of Neurology
Director, UCLA Alzheimer's Disease Center
University of California, Los Angeles, USA

Joël Belmin
Professor of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics
Hôpital Charles Foix and Université Paris 6,
Ivry-sur-Seine, France

KCM Wilson MPhil, MD, FRCPsych.
Professor of Old Age Psychiatry
Liverpool University
Liverpool, UK

Khulood A Muhiddin
MB, ChB, PhD (Lond), FRCP (UK)
Consultant Physician in General and Geriatric Medicine
Southern Derbyshire Acute Hospitals NHS Trust, UK

Luiza Spiru, MD, PhD
President "Ana Aslan" International Foundation
Vice-President "Ana Aslan" International Academy of Aging
BAIJ co-editor
Head of the Memory Clinic of "Elias" University Emergency Hospital
Bucharest, Romania

Mathias Pfisterer Dr. med.
Facharzt für Innere Medizin/Geriatrie
am Klinikum der Universität Heidelberg

Mustafa ‘Mike’ Younis
Tenured Professor of Health Economics & Finance
School of Public Health Department of Healthcare Administration
Jackson State University
Jackson, Mississippi

M.W. Ribbe MD.PhD.
Professor of Nursing Home Medicine
Free University medical center VUmc
The Netherlands

Niccolò Marchionni, MD
Professor of Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine
University of Florence,

Professor Alan Walker
University of Sheffield
United Kingdom

Prof. Francesco Marotta, MD, PhD
Consultant in Gastroenterology
SG Hospital, Milano
WHO-Cntr. for Biotech. & Nat. Med.
University of Milano
Consultant in BioGerontology
Urology Dept., University of Pavia

Prof Hervé ALLAIN
Neurologist and Pharmacologist
Head of the department of Pharmacology
University of Rennes1,Rennes medical school
Rennes, France

Prof. P. Giannakopoulos, MD, FMH psy
Vice Dean
Service of Geriatric Psychiatry
University of Geneva School of Medicine-Geneva
& Service of Old Age Psychiatry
University of Lausanne School of Medicine

Perminder Sachdev MD PhD, FRANZCP
Professor of Neuropsychiatry
University of New South Wales & Neuropsychiatric Institute,
The Prince of Wales Hospital,

Peter Crome
Head of Postgraduate Medicine
Professor of Geriatric Medicine
Keele University Medical School

Robert M.Goldman M.D, D.O., Ph.D
Chairman-American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine
President-National Academy of Sports Medicine

Robert P. Friedland, MD
Professor, Lab of Neurogeriatrics
Dept of Neurology
Case Western Reserve University
University Hospitals of Cleveland

Ruth McCaffrey ND, ARNP-BC
Assistant Professor
Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing
Florida Atlantic University
Boca Raton, Fl. 33431

Dr. Ronald M. Klatz
President, American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine

Shabbir M.H. Alibhai, MD, MSc, FRCP(C)
Assistant Professor,
Departments of Medicine and Health Policy, Management, and Evaluation University of Toronto
Senior Editor, Geriatrics & Aging

Prof Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Jürgen Howe
Technische Universität Braunschweig
Institut für Psychologie
Abt. Gerontopsychologie
Bültenweg 74/75
D - 38106 Braunschweig
Tel. 0531-391 2823
Mobil 0172-2818953

Professor Michel Jean-Pierre
Institutions Universitaries de Geriatric

Mohamed Kandeel, M.D.
Professor and Consultant of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Faculty of Medicine
Menofyia University

Prof. Dr. Dr. Ernst R. v. Schwarz, MD, PhD, FESC, FACC, FSCAI
Professor of Medicine, Cedars Sinai Medical Center
Medical Director, Cardiac Support Program
Co-Director, Cardiac Transplantation
Professor of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Cedars Sinai Heart Institute, Division of Cardiology
Cedars Sinai Medical Center

Mohammad Taghi Sheykhi
Professor of Sociology
Al-Zahra University
Tehran, Iran

M. M. Khaled
M.Phil, PhD. (UCL-London, UK)
Professor of Metabolic & Medical Biochemistry
BAU Medical School & LU Public Health-FSP-3

Professor Jason L. Powell BA, MA, PGCert, Ph.D. FHEA,
Professor of Community Practice and Social Justice,
Research Institute for Health and Social Change,
Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care,
Manchester M University, Manchester,
M20 2RR,
United Kingdom.

Pr. Sonia Ouali Hammami
Internal Medicine Department-Endocrinology
Geriatric Unit
CHU F Bourguiba Monastir
Research Lab : Human Nutrition & metabolic disorder
University of Monastir